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# Quantized Columns

## Latest Articles

### What Is the Langlands Program?

The Langlands program provides a beautifully intricate set of connections between various areas of mathematics, pointing the way toward novel solutions for old problems.

### Why Claude Shannon Would Have Been Great at Wordle

A bit of information theory can help you analyze — and improve — your Wordle game.

### What Happens When We Give Animals Our Diseases?

While it’s understandable to focus on the diseases affecting humans, it’s important to study how our illnesses may affect animals.

### Beyond the Second Law

Thanks to the power of fluctuation relations, physicists are taking the second law of thermodynamics to settings once thought impossible.

### What a Math Party Game Tells Us About Graph Theory

Play this simple math game with your friends to gain insights into fundamental principles of graph theory.

### How We Can Make Sense of Chaos

Dynamical systems can be chaotic and impossible to predict, but mathematicians have discovered tools to help understand them.

### Why Triangles Are Easy and Tetrahedra Are Hard

The triangle angle sum theorem makes working with triangles easy. What happens when you can’t rely on it?

### How Infinite Series Reveal the Unity of Mathematics

Infinite sums are among the most underrated yet powerful concepts in mathematics, capable of linking concepts across math’s vast web.

### What Does It Mean for AI to Understand?

It’s simple enough for AI to seem to comprehend data, but devising a true test of a machine’s knowledge has proved difficult.