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# Quantized Columns

## Latest Articles

### How to Understand COVID-19 Variants and Their Effects on Vaccines

Researchers are tracking the different strains of SARS-CoV-2 and studying how they spread through our population and our bodies.

### Topology 101: The Hole Truth

The relationships among the properties of flexible shapes have fascinated mathematicians for centuries.

### The Crooked Geometry of Round Trips

Imagine if we lived on a cube-shaped Earth. How would you find the shortest path around the world?

### How Claude Shannon Invented the Future

Today’s information age is only possible thanks to the groundbreaking work of a lone genius.

### Contemplating the End of Physics

Has physics reached the limits of what we can discover — or are the possibilities only just beginning?

### Some Math Problems Seem Impossible. That Can Be a Good Thing.

Struggling with math problems that can’t be solved helps us better understand the ones we can.

### The Epigenetic Secrets Behind Dopamine, Drug Addiction and Depression

New research links serotonin and dopamine not just to addiction and depression, but to the ability to control genes.

### The Simple Math Problem We Still Can’t Solve

Despite recent progress on the notorious Collatz conjecture, we still don’t know whether a number can escape its infinite loop.

### When Math Gets Impossibly Hard

Mathematicians have long grappled with the reality that some problems just don’t have solutions.