The ingredients for reactions ancestral to metabolism could have formed very easily in the primordial soup, new work suggests.
John Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino shared the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for developing lithium-ion batteries, “the hidden workhorses of the mobile era.”
The rainbow of pigments that animals use for blood illustrates a central truth of evolution.
Throughout nature, throngs of relatively simple elements can self-organize into behaviors that seem unexpectedly complex. Scientists are beginning to understand why and how these phenomena emerge without a central organizing entity.
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