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Studies of collective behavior usually focus on how crowds of organisms coordinate their actions. But what if the individuals that don’t participate have just as much to tell us?
To stay healthy, humans and some other animals rely on a complex community of bacteria in their guts. But research is starting to show that those partnerships might be more the exception than the rule.
Recent findings add weight to the evidence that the intransitive competitions between species enrich the diversity of nature.
In evolution, context is everything: Bacteria with neighbors evolve to rebuff viruses in a different way.
Researchers struggle to incorporate ongoing evolutionary discoveries into an animal classification scheme older than Darwin.
Skyrocketing animal diversity a half-billion years ago was linked to spikes and dips in marine oxygen levels, according to a detailed geological study.
New work raises the estimated diversity of viruses in the seas more than twelvefold and lays the groundwork for a better understanding of their impact on global nutrient cycles.