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# History of science

## Latest Articles

### How Mathematical ‘Hocus-Pocus’ Saved Particle Physics

Renormalization has become perhaps the single most important advance in theoretical physics in 50 years.

### When Math Gets Impossibly Hard

Mathematicians have long grappled with the reality that some problems just don’t have solutions.

### Social Distancing From the Stars

Professional astronomers may not point their telescopes by hand anymore, but COVID-19 has still closed observatories and impeded research.

### How Physics Found a Geometric Structure for Math to Play With

Symplectic geometry is a relatively new field with implications for much of modern mathematics. Here’s what it’s all about.

### Mathematicians Will Never Stop Proving the Prime Number Theorem

Why do mathematicians enjoy proving the same results in different ways?

### How and Why Computers Roll Loaded Dice

Researchers are one step closer to injecting probability into deterministic machines.

### The Cartoon Picture of Magnets That Has Transformed Science

One hundred years after it was proposed, the Ising model is used to understand everything from magnets to brains.

### The Two Forms of Mathematical Beauty

Mathematicians typically appreciate either generic or exceptional beauty in their work, but one type is more useful in describing the universe.

### The Computer Scientist Who Can’t Stop Telling Stories

For pioneering computer scientist Donald Knuth, good coding is synonymous with beautiful expression.