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# history of science

## Latest Articles

### The Sordid Past of the Cubic Formula

The quest to solve cubic equations led to duels, betrayals — and modern mathematics.

### How We Can Make Sense of Chaos

Dynamical systems can be chaotic and impossible to predict, but mathematicians have discovered tools to help understand them.

### An Ancient Geometry Problem Falls to New Mathematical Techniques

Three mathematicians show, for the first time, how to form a square with the same area as a circle by cutting them into interchangeable pieces that can be visualized.

### The Webb Space Telescope Will Rewrite Cosmic History. If It Works.

The James Webb Space Telescope has the potential to rewrite the history of the cosmos and reshape humanity’s position within it. But first, a lot of things have to work just right.

### The Uselessness of Useful Knowledge

Today’s powerful but little-understood artificial intelligence breakthroughs echo past examples of unexpected scientific progress.

### The Journey to Define Dimension

The concept of dimension seems simple enough, but mathematicians struggled for centuries to precisely define and understand it.

### How Maxwell’s Demon Continues to Startle Scientists

The thorny thought experiment has been turned into a real experiment — one that physicists use to probe the physics of information.

### How Radio Astronomy Reveals the Universe

Radio waves, longer and less energetic than visible light, give astronomers access to some of the most obscure physics in the cosmos.

### Topology 101: The Hole Truth

The relationships among the properties of flexible shapes have fascinated mathematicians for centuries.