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Cosmic rays may have given right-handed genetic helixes an evolutionary edge at the beginning of life’s history.
One hundred years after it was proposed, the Ising model is used to understand everything from magnets to brains.
Representation theory was initially dismissed. Today, it’s central to much of mathematics.
To explain why men are on average taller than women, scientists theorized about competition for mates. But the effects of estrogen on bone growth may be answer enough.
Neural networks have been taught to quickly read the surfaces of proteins — molecules critical to many biological processes.
To distinguish between fundamentally different objects, mathematicians turn to invariants that encode the objects’ essential features.