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# Mathematics

## Latest Articles

### A Triplet Tree Forms One of the Most Beautiful Structures in Math

The Markov numbers reveal the secrets of irrational numbers and the patterns of the Fibonacci sequence. But there’s one question about them that has resisted proof for over a century.

### ‘A-Team’ of Math Proves a Critical Link Between Addition and Sets

A team of four prominent mathematicians, including two Fields medalists, proved a conjecture described as a “holy grail of additive combinatorics.”

### An Easy-Sounding Problem Yields Numbers Too Big for Our Universe

Researchers prove that navigating certain systems of vectors is among the most complex computational problems.

### A Century Later, New Math Smooths Out General Relativity

Mathematicians prove a theorem that illuminates the geometry of universes with tiny amounts of mass.

### Pierre de Fermat’s Link to a High School Student’s Prime Math Proof

How Fermat’s less famous “little theorem” got mathematicians young and old to play with prime-like Carmichael numbers.

### The Astonishing Behavior of Recursive Sequences

Some strange mathematical sequences are always whole numbers — until they’re not. The puzzling patterns have revealed ties to graph theory and prime numbers, awing mathematicians.

### In the ‘Wild West’ of Geometry, Mathematicians Redefine the Sphere

High-dimensional spheres can have a much wider variety of structures than mathematicians thought possible.

### The Hidden Connection That Changed Number Theory

Quadratic reciprocity lurks around many corners in mathematics. By proving it, number theorists reimagined their whole field.

### A Brief History of Tricky Mathematical Tiling

The discovery earlier this year of the “hat” tile marked the culmination of hundreds of years of work into tiles and their symmetries.