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Equations, like numbers, cannot always be split into simpler elements.
Through exacting geometric calculations, Philip Gibbs has found the smallest known cover for any possible shape.
A new proof from the Australian science fiction writer Greg Egan and a 2011 proof anonymously posted online are now being hailed as significant advances on a puzzle mathematicians have been studying for at least 25 years.
A new statistical model appears to undermine long-held assumptions in number theory. How much should it be trusted when all that really matters is proof?
Two mathematicians have found what they say is a hole at the heart of a proof that has convulsed the mathematics community for nearly six years.