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Fifty years ago, Paul Erdős and two other mathematicians came up with a graph theory problem that they thought they might solve on the spot. A team of mathematicians has finally settled it.

Avi Wigderson and László Lovász won for their work developing complexity theory and graph theory, respectively, and for connecting the two fields.

At 21, Ashwin Sah has produced a body of work that senior mathematicians say is nearly unprecedented for a college student.

David Conlon and Asaf Ferber have raised the lower bound for multicolor “Ramsey numbers,” which quantify how big graphs can get before patterns inevitably emerge.

Two computer scientists found — in the unlikeliest of places — just the idea they needed to make a big leap in graph theory.

Mathematicians have long grappled with the reality that some problems just don’t have solutions.

“Rainbow colorings” recently led to a new proof. It’s not the first time they’ve come in handy.

Computer scientists established a new boundary on computationally verifiable knowledge. In doing so, they solved major open problems in quantum mechanics and pure mathematics.

Mathematicians have proved that copies of smaller graphs can always be used to perfectly cover larger ones.

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