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Two monumental works have led many mathematicians to avoid the equal sign. The process has not always gone smoothly.
The twin primes conjecture is one of the most important and difficult questions in mathematics. Two mathematicians have solved a parallel version of the problem for small number systems.
A new statistical model appears to undermine long-held assumptions in number theory. How much should it be trusted when all that really matters is proof?
Two mathematicians have found what they say is a hole at the heart of a proof that has convulsed the mathematics community for nearly six years.
In math, sometimes the most common things are the hardest to find.
The mathematician Caucher Birkar was born on a subsistence farm and raised in the middle of the brutal war between Iran and Iraq. After fleeing to England, he has gone on to impose order on a wild landscape of mathematical equations.