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# Universality

## Latest Articles

### Mathematicians Prove Symmetry of Phase Transitions

A group of mathematicians has shown that at critical moments, a symmetry called rotational invariance is a universal property across many physical systems.

### How Mathematical ‘Hocus-Pocus’ Saved Particle Physics

Renormalization has become perhaps the single most important advance in theoretical physics in 50 years.

### The Cartoon Picture of Magnets That Has Transformed Science

One hundred years after it was proposed, the Ising model is used to understand everything from magnets to brains.

### The Universal Law That Aims Time’s Arrow

A new look at a ubiquitous phenomenon has uncovered unexpected fractal behavior that could give us clues about the early universe and the arrow of time.

### Bubble Experiment Finds Universal Laws

Physicists have found examples of “universality” in a system of confined bubbles. The work could help researchers understand the strange behavior of singularities.

### Universal Pattern Explains Why Materials Conduct

Mathematicians have found that materials conduct electricity when electrons follow a universal mathematical pattern.

### The Universal Pattern Popping Up in Math, Physics and Biology

Quanta’s In Theory video series returns with an exploration of a mysterious mathematical pattern found throughout nature.

### Physicists Uncover Geometric ‘Theory Space’

A decades-old method called the “bootstrap” is enabling new discoveries about the geometry underlying all quantum theories.

### A Bird’s-Eye View of Nature’s Hidden Order

Scientists are exploring a mysterious pattern, found in birds’ eyes, boxes of marbles and other surprising places, that is neither regular nor random.