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# Abstractions blog

## Latest Articles

### Extra DNA May Make Unlikely Hybrid Fish Possible

The unintentional creation of “sturddlefish” hybrids may illuminate the genomic mechanisms that govern whether species can interbreed.

### Big Bounce Simulations Challenge the Big Bang

Detailed computer simulations have found that a cosmic contraction can generate features of the universe that we observe today.

### Why Are Plants Green? To Reduce the Noise in Photosynthesis.

Plants ignore the most energy-rich part of sunlight because stability matters more than efficiency, according to a new model of photosynthesis.

### How Physics Found a Geometric Structure for Math to Play With

Symplectic geometry is a relatively new field with implications for much of modern mathematics. Here’s what it’s all about.

### An Alternative to Dark Matter Passes Critical Test

Modified gravity theories have never been able to describe the universe’s first light. A new formulation does.

### Mathematicians Will Never Stop Proving the Prime Number Theorem

Why do mathematicians enjoy proving the same results in different ways?

### How Earth’s Climate Changes Naturally (and Why Things Are Different Now)

Earth’s climate has fluctuated through deep time, pushed by these 10 different causes. Here’s how each compares with modern climate change.

### How Gödel’s Proof Works

His incompleteness theorems destroyed the search for a mathematical theory of everything. Nearly a century later, we’re still coming to grips with the consequences.

### How and Why Computers Roll Loaded Dice

Researchers are one step closer to injecting probability into deterministic machines.