A complete classification could lead to a wealth of new materials and technologies. But some exotic phases continue to resist understanding.
Evolution settled on a genetic code that uses four letters to name 20 amino acids. Synthetic biologists adding new bases to DNA will be free to improve on nature — if they can.
Two mathematicians prove that under certain extreme conditions, the Navier-Stokes equations output nonsense.
Corina Tarnita deciphers bizarre patterns in the soil created by competing life-forms.
For decades, an origin-of-life story starring RNA has prevailed. New research may be shaking that theory’s hold on our understanding of life’s beginnings.
The mother of all string theories passes a litmus test that, so far, no other candidate theory of quantum gravity has been able to match.
Nobel laureate Susumu Tonegawa’s lab is overturning old assumptions about how memories form, how recall works and whether lost memories might be restored from “silent engrams.”