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# symmetry

## Latest Articles

### Symmetries Reveal Clues About the Holographic Universe

Physicists have been busy exploring how our universe might emerge like a hologram out of a two-dimensional sheet. New clues have come from the symmetries found on an infinitely distant “celestial sphere.”

### Gravitational Waves Should Permanently Distort Space-Time

The “gravitational memory effect” predicts that a passing gravitational wave should forever alter the structure of space-time. Physicists have linked the phenomenon to fundamental cosmic symmetries and a potential solution to the black hole information paradox.

### A New Theory for Systems That Defy Newton’s Third Law

In nonreciprocal systems, where Newton’s third law falls apart, “exceptional points” are helping researchers understand phase transitions and possibly other phenomena.

### How Tadayuki Watanabe Disproved a Major Conjecture About Spheres

Watanabe invented a new way of distinguishing shapes on his way to solving the last open case of the Smale conjecture, a central question in topology about symmetries of the sphere.

### Mathematician Answers Chess Problem About Attacking Queens

The *n*-queens problem is about finding how many different ways queens can be placed on a chessboard so that none attack each other. A mathematician has now all but solved it.

### Galois Groups and the Symmetries of Polynomials

By focusing on relationships between solutions to polynomial equations, rather than the exact solutions themselves, Évariste Galois changed the course of modern mathematics.

### Mathematicians Prove Symmetry of Phase Transitions

A group of mathematicians has shown that at critical moments, a symmetry called rotational invariance is a universal property across many physical systems.

### Nathan Seiberg on How Math Might Complete the Ultimate Physics Theory

Even in an incomplete state, quantum field theory is the most successful physical theory ever discovered. Nathan Seiberg, one of its leading architects, talks about the gaps in QFT and how mathematicians could fill them.

### The Mystery at the Heart of Physics That Only Math Can Solve

The accelerating effort to understand the mathematics of quantum field theory will have profound consequences for both math and physics.