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# Turbulence

## Latest Articles

### An Injection of Chaos Solves Decades-Old Fluid Mystery

In the 1960s, drillers noticed that certain fluids would firm up if they flowed too fast. Researchers have finally explained why.

### An Unexpected Twist Lights Up the Secrets of Turbulence

Having solved a central mystery about the “twirliness” of tornadoes and other types of vortices, William Irvine has set his sights on turbulence, the white whale of classical physics.

### New Math Proves That a Special Kind of Space-Time Is Unstable

Einstein’s equations describe three canonical configurations of space-time. Now one of these three — important in the study of quantum gravity — has been shown to be inherently unstable.

### The Map of Mathematics

Explore our surprisingly simple, absurdly ambitious and necessarily incomplete guide to the boundless mathematical universe.

### Mathematicians Prove Universal Law of Turbulence

By exploiting randomness, three mathematicians have proved an elegant law that underlies the chaotic motion of turbulent systems.

### Astronomers Find Black Holes Stirring Up the Biggest Galaxies

After a space telescope disintegrated, astrophysicists had little hope of understanding how supermassive black holes agitate giant galaxies. Then they invented a hack.

### The Trouble With Turbulence

Turbulence is everywhere, yet it is one of the most difficult concepts for physicists to understand.

### Mathematicians Tame Turbulence in Flattened Fluids

By squeezing fluids into flat sheets, researchers can get a handle on the strange ways that turbulence feeds energy into a system instead of eating it away.

### What Makes the Hardest Equations in Physics So Difficult?

The Navier-Stokes equations describe simple, everyday phenomena, like water flowing from a garden hose, yet they provide a million-dollar mathematical challenge.